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In June 2020, the north Indian state of Haryana began using a new algorithmic system, called the Family Identity Data Repository or the Parivar Pehchan Patra (PPP) database, to determine eligibility for people requesting financial assistance because they are unable to earn enough to survive for various reasons.


Justice Area(s)

Disability Justice

Economic Justice

AI Impact(s)

Economic harm and inequity

Opaque Systems Prevent Accountability

Poor quality data






It works by pulling demographic and socioeconomic information for families via several linked government databases, using data on birth, death, marriage, employment, property ownership, income tax payments and more. But it is incorrectly marking residents as dead and blocking them from much-needed funding. Meanwhile, human workers don't have the power to override bad decisions made by the system. A 2023 government study on the system found that "it stopped the pensions of 277,115 elderly citizens and 52,479 widows in a span of three years because they were 'dead.' However, several thousands of these beneficiaries were actually alive and had been wrongfully declared dead either due to incorrect data fed into the PPP database or wrong predictions made by the algorithm.”

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